Antioxidant derived from the bark of the French Maritime pine tree, also known as Pinus pinaster bark extract. The term pycnogenol was previously used generically but is now a trademarked ingredient.
Pycnogenol contains antioxidant-rich compounds (including procyanidins belonging to the flavonoid family of ingredients) capable of complementing the benefits of daily sunscreen use. Studies support the claim that pycnogenol is a potent antioxidant that can help neutralise oxidative stress.
There is also a great deal of research backing pycnogenol as an oral supplement for its anti-inflammatory properties, antioxidant benefits, and regeneration of skin’s elasticity.
References for this information:
Nutrients, March 2018, ePublication
Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, 2016, pages 13-17
Die Pharmazie, January 2013, pages 75-80
Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, January-June 2011, pages 1-11
Photochemistry and Photobiology, February 2004, pages 193-198
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