Silybum marianum (milk thistle) fruit extract
Silymarin marianum is a plant whose many components, primarily a flavanolignan chemical known as silymarin, have pronounced antioxidant and skin-calming ability. Silymarin occurs in milk thistle fruit and seeds, and helps shield skin from the visible effects of UV light exposure (of course, you still need a broad spectrum sunscreen).
Silymarin also has research on its role in interrupting pathways in skin that lead to discolourations on skin’s surface, while that and other compounds in milk thistle seem, at least in a lab setting, to have an inhibitory effect on enzymes that degrade collagen.
In short, it’s an impressive antioxidant to see in skin care products, particularly those that address environmental stressors.
References for this information:
Molecules, March 2019, ePublication
Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, August 2018, pages 263-270
Archives of Dermatological Research, July 2018, pages 413-424
Pharmaceutical Biology, March 2013, pages 298-303
International Journal of Oncology, May 2010, pages 1,053-1,060
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